Cynthia Ann "Cindy" Crawford (born February 20, 1966) is an American model. Her 30 years of success at modeling made her an international celebrity that has led to roles in television and film, and to work as a spokesperson. In 1995, Forbes magazine named her the highest paid model on the planet. Cindy is one of the original five "Supermodels". She was named No. 3 on VH1's 40 Hottest Hotties of the 90s and was named one of the "100 Hottest Women of All-Time" by Men's Health. Crawford is known for her trademark mole just above her lip, and has appeared on hundreds of magazine covers throughout her career.
Cynthia Ann Crawford was born in DeKalb, Illinois, on February 20, 1966, the daughter of Jennifer Sue Crawford-Moluf (née Walker) and John Dan Crawford. She has two sisters, Chris and Danielle, as well as a brother Jeffery who died of childlhood leukemia at age 3. She has stated that her family has been in the U.S. for generations and that her ancestry is mostly German, English, and French. By appearing in an episode of Who Do You Think You Are? in 2013, she discovered that her ancestors included English nobility and continental royal families of the Middle Ages, and that she was descended from Charlemagne.
In her sophomore year at high school, she received a call from a local clothing store regarding modelling work, only to discover that it was a practical joke set up by two of her classmates. However, the following year another store hired a number of high school girls, including Crawford, to work for them (including a fashion shoot). In her junior year local photographer Roger Legel, whose duties included photographing a different college girl to be that week's coed in the DeKalb Nite Weekly, asked to take her picture for the publication; the result was Crawford's first cover. The photo and positive feedback she received were enough to convince her to take up modeling. She entered the Elite Model Management's Look of the Year contest at 17 and was the runner-up. Elite Model Management in Chicago then started representing her.
Crawford graduated from DeKalb High School in 1984, as valedictorian. She earned an academic scholarship to study chemical engineering at Northwestern University, which she attended for only one quarter. She dropped out in order to pursue a full-time modeling career. After working for photographer Victor Skrebneski in Chicago, Crawford moved to Manhattan in 1986 and signed with the Elite New York modeling agency.Template:Citation needed
During the 1980s and 1990s, Cindy Crawford was among the most popular supermodels, and a ubiquitous presence on magazine covers, runways, and in fashion campaigns. She was repeatedly and frequently featured on the cover of many magazines, including: Vogue, W, People, Harper's Bazaar, Elle, Cosmopolitan, and Allure. A partial count in 1998 totalled over 500 appearances. Crawford has walked the runways for Chanel, Versace, Christian Dior, Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren, Michael Kors, Todd Oldham, DKNY, and Valentino. Crawford also appeared in many fashion campaigns during her career, including those for Gianni Versace, Escada, Revlon, L'Oreal, Guess, and Ink. She has also worked for Omega, Maybelline, Clairol, Pepsi, and Chilean retail stores Ripley (partner of Macy's).
In 1987, Crawford appeared during the opening credits of the Michael J. Fox film The Secret of My Success. Three years later, she appeared alongside top models Christy Turlington, Linda Evangelista, Tatjana Patitz and Naomi Campbell on the cover of the January 1990 edition of British Vogue magazine. Crawford and the other four models subsequently appeared in the video for George Michael's hit "Freedom '90" later that year. Subsequently, Crawford played the lost love of Jon Bon Jovi in the 1994 video for his version of Please Come Home For Christmas, "John Taylor" in the 2011 video for Duran Duran's "Girl Panic" (featuring supermodels as the band, including Naomi Campbell as Simon Le Bon), and Headmistress in the 2015 video for Taylor Swift's "Bad Blood" as part of a cast including Jessica Alba (Domino), Selena Gomez (Arsyn), and fellow models Lily Aldridge, Cara Delevingne, Gigi Hadid, Martha Hunt and Karlie Kloss (as Frostbyte, Mother Chucker, Slay-Z, Homeslice and Knockout respectively).
The red Versace dress which she wore to the 63rd Academy Awards in 1991 had a major influence on fashion, and many copies and fakes of the dress were produced. In 1992, Crawford—through GoodTimes Home Video and her company Crawdaddy Productions—made an exercise video with Radu Teodorescu named Cindy Crawford: Shape Your Body; although criticised by someTemplate:Who for being unsafeTemplate:Citation needed, it was hugely successful and led to two equally lucrative followups, Cindy Crawford: The Next Challenge in 1993 (again with Radu) and Cindy Crawford: A New Dimension in 2000 (the latter, made with fitness expert Kathy Kaehler and produced not long after Cindy gave birth to her first child, was aimed at new mothers getting back into shape). In 2001, Cindy also made a shorter fitness video aimed at children, Mini-Muscles with Cindy Crawford and the Fit-wits, an animated production featuring the voices of Cindy (who also appears at the beginning in live action), Radu and Kobe Bryant.
The inaugural issue of George, a short lived political magazine in the 1990s, featured Crawford dressed like George Washington on the cover. In 2005, The American Society of Magazine Editors listed it as the 22nd best magazine cover of the last 40 years.
Crawford is Template:Convert tall, with brown hair and eyes. Her measurements are 34"-25.5"-36". Crawford's trademark is a mole (or "beauty mark") above her upper lip. She is so closely associated with this physical feature that she appeared in an Australian advertising campaign for flavoured milk featuring a TV commercial wherein she "licked off" her own mole. During the beginning of her career, the mole was removed from her earlier modeling pictures, including her first Vogue cover. Her resemblance early in her career to model Gia Carangi led her to being known as "Baby Gia".
Crawford has also been on TV and in films. From 1989 to 1995, Crawford was host of MTV's House of Style. In the early 1990s, Crawford starred in the Pepsi and Pepsi Stuff advertising. In 1995, Crawford broke into movies as the female lead in the movie Fair Game. Her performance was panned by critics—Leonard Maltin commented "In her acting debut, supermodel Crawford makes a good jogger." The film was also a financial failure, with expenses of $50 million and $11 million takings at the box office. In 2001, she costarred as part of an ensemble cast in The Simian Line. Again the film was not successful or critically acclaimed, but Crawford's acting was not criticized. She has had many lesser roles guest starring on TV and as supporting roles, often playing herself. For example, in 2000, she was one of the celebrities (along with Victoria Silvstedt, Anna Falchi and Megan Gale) playing themselves in the Italian comedy Bodyguards – Guardie del corpo. In the 1990s, Carol Shaw, her make-up artist, named a lipstick color after Crawford as a part of the Lorac Cosmetics lip-wear line.In July 1988, she posed nude for Playboy magazine in a shoot by photographer Herb Ritts. In October 1998, Crawford returned to the pages of Playboy for a second nude pictorial, again taken by Ritts.
Crawford has consistently ranked highly on lists of the world's sexiest people. She was ranked number 5 on Playboy's list of the 100 Sexiest Stars of the 20th century. A 1997 Shape magazine survey of 4,000 picked her as the second (after Demi Moore) most beautiful woman in the world. In 2002, Crawford was named one of the 50 Most Beautiful People by People magazine. In her forties, she claimed No. 26 in the 2006 Hot 100 issue of Maxim magazine.
Crawford quit full-time modeling in 2000, and now appears only occasionally in fashion magazines. She continues to provide celebrity endorsement for a variety of projects. In 2005, Crawford created a line of beauty products with Jean-Louis Sebagh called Meaningful Beauty for Guthy-Renker Crawford has admitted to regularly receiving certain cosmetic procedures, including Botox and vitamin injections. She first saw a plastic surgeon at the age of 28.
In 2005, Crawford launched a new line of furniture under the "Cindy Crawford Home Collection" name. The collection is manufactured by HM Richards Inc. She assisted in the creation of the line by consulting on the features, colors, or styles that fit the needs of families or reflected her own tastes. She also has a furniture line with Raymour & Flanigan and launched home goods line with J. C. Penney in late 2009.
In 2009, Crawford was one of many celebrities to be photographed by Deborah Anderson for the coffee table book Room 23, produced by philanthropist Diana Jenkins. In addition to appearing in the book, Crawford was the cover model and wrote the dedication.
Crawford returned to modeling in May 2011, appearing on the cover of the May 2011 issue of Vogue Mexico.
In 2014, Crawford lead a rally promoting environmental safety at Malibu schools. The Malibu Times states that several Malibu teachers came forward with health issues in 10/13, including three with thyroid cancer. Toxic soils were reportedly found at Malibu High in 2010, with the school district failing to inform parents about the problem.
Becoming, a book about Crawford's life and career co-written by Crawford and Katherine O'Leary, was published on September 29, 2015.
Crawford and her daughter Kaia appeared together on the cover of the April 2016 issue of Vogue Paris.
Crawford was married to actor Richard Gere from 1991 to 1995. After they divorced, she married former model Rande Gerber on May 29, 1998. They have two children, son Presley Walker (born July 2, 1999) and daughter Kaia Jordan (born September 3, 2001).
Activism and charity workEdit
When Crawford was 10 years old, her three-year-old brother Jeff—whom she continues to praise as "the fourth most influential person in my life"—died of leukemia. Since becoming a model, Crawford has made childhood leukemia a focal point of her charity work, donating proceeds of her calendars to medical research. Crawford has been a long-time supporter of the pediatric oncology program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where Jeff was treated, stating that she believes he received the best care possible. She is also an honorary board member of the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation.
In 2007, she became an official supporter of the Ronald McDonald House Charities and is a member of their celebrity board, called the Friends of RMHC. Crawford is on the Honorary Committee of the California Wildlife Center.
|1995||Fair Game||Kate McQueen|
|2000||Body Guards – Guardie del corpo||Herself and her double|
|2001||The Simian Line||Sandra|
|1992||Cindy Crawford: Shape Your Body Workout|
|1993||Cindy Crawford: The Next Challenge Workout|
|2000||Cindy Crawford: A New Dimension|
|2001||Mini-Muscles with Cindy Crawford and the Fit-wits|
|1990||"Freedom! '90"||George Michael|
|1991||"Voices That Care"||Voices That Care||Part of the choir|
|1994||"Please Come Home For Christmas"||Jon Bon Jovi||As Jon Bon Jovi's girlfriend|
|2011||"Girl Panic!"||Duran Duran||As John Taylor|
|2015||"Bad Blood"||Taylor Swift||As Headmistress|
|1989–1995||MTV's House of Style||Host|
|1996||Muppets Tonight!||Herself||Episode: "Episode 5"|
|1997||Frasier||Dorothy (voice only)||Episode: "Halloween"|
|1998||3rd Rock from the Sun||Masha, one of the invading Venusians||Episode: "36! 24! 36! Dick!"|
|1998||The Secret World of... Supermodels|
|1998||Sex with Cindy Crawford||Host||TV special|
|2002||According to Jim||Gretchen Saunders, manager of a car dealership||Episode: "Cars & Chicks"|
|2004||Headliners and Legends: Cindy Crawford|
|2009||Wizards of Waverly Place||Bibi Rockford||Episode: "Fashion Week"|
|2013||Who Do You Think You Are?||Herself||Season 4, Episode 6|
|2015||Cougar Town||Herself||Episode: "Yer So Bad"|
|2015||The Hospital In The Sky||Herself||Narrator|
- ↑ Cindy Crawford Biography. askmen.com. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- ↑ "The 100 Hottest Women of All-Time". Men's Health. 2011. http://www.menshealth.com/sex-women/hottest-women-all-time. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- ↑ "A sweet and sour party at Fashion Week". Newsday. September 9, 2009. http://www.newsday.com/entertainment/a-sweet-and-sour-party-at-fashion-week-1.1434815. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
- ↑ "Cynthia Ann Crawford". geneall.net. http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1001935. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
- ↑ "Sole Mates". People (magazine). June 15, 1998. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20125519,00.html.
- ↑ Bueno, Antoinette (July 9, 2015). "Cindy Crawford Opens Up to Oprah About Her Brother Dying of Cancer at 3 Years Old". ET Online (CBS Studios, Inc.). http://www.etonline.com/news/167637_cindy_crawford_opens_up_to_oprah_about_her_brother_dying_of_cancer_at_3_years_old/.
- ↑ "Twitter/CindyCrawford". June 4, 2010. https://twitter.com/CindyCrawford/status/15444100073.
- ↑ Mike Parker, Cindy Crawford has royal blood: SUPERMODEL Cindy Crawford has learnt that she is related to the Emperor Charlemagne dated 1 September 2013 at express.co.uk, accessed 2 February 2014
- ↑ Cindy Crawford with Katherine O'Leary, p. 22, Becoming, Rizzoli, 2015, ISBN 978-0-8478-4619-1
- ↑ Template:Cite encyclopedia
- ↑ "Television; 'Sex With Cindy'; TV special explores the sexual state of the union", by Harvey Solomon, Boston Herald, September 22, 1998, p. 56
- ↑ "Un' epoca nel segno di Versace". Corriere della Sera. http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1992/novembre/06/epoca_nel_segno_Versace_co_0_9211067246.shtml. Retrieved June 5, 2011.
- ↑ Chace, Reeve (October 2003). The Complete Book of Oscar Fashion: Variety's 75 Years of Glamour on the Red Carpet. Reed Press. ISBN 978-1-59429-001-5. https://books.google.com/books?id=7PfxAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved June 5, 2011.
- ↑ Urmee Khan (October 9, 2008). "Liz Hurley 'safety pin' dress voted the greatest dress". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/celebritynews/3167702/Liz-Hurley-safety-pin-dress-voted-the-greatest-dress.html. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
- ↑ "ASME's Top 40 Magazine Covers of the Last 40 Years", American Society of Magazine Editors, October 17, 2005
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; no text was provided for refs named
- ↑ Profile Storm Models web site
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7gcj5LBeTe8
- ↑ "Voguepedia: Gia Carangi". Vogue.com. http://www.vogue.com/voguepedia/Gia_Carangi. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
- ↑ Gross, Michael (October 30, 1989). "The Face". New York Magazine (New York Media, LLC) 22 (43): 39. ISSN 0028-7369. https://books.google.com/books?id=QOgCAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA39&dq=cindy+crawford+baby+gia&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9U0bUfqQEoijyAHO_ICYAQ&ved=0CFMQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=cindy%20crawford%20baby%20gia&f=false. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
- ↑ "Ads and History – Highlights". Pepsi.com. March 31, 1999. http://www.pepsi.com/faqs.php?section=highlights. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
- ↑ "11 Best Super Bowl Ads Ever". Entertainment Weekly. February 5, 2011. http://www.ew.com/ew/gallery/0,,20340963,00.html. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
- ↑ "Leonard Maltin's 2009 Movie Guide", by Leonard Maltin, p. 433
- ↑ "Look book: celeb makeup artists told us the tricks they use to get stars looking amazing. (Now you can steal their secrets, baby!)". CosmoGirl!. November 1, 2003. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-110228388.html. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
- ↑ "Cindy Crawford", Playboy. Retrieved March 28, 2009.
- ↑ Rush, George et al. "IT BARES REPEATING: CINDY IS NUDE AGAIN!", Daily News (online), August 27, 1998.
- ↑ Cindy Crawford of 2006 Hot 100 on Maxim.com Template:Wayback
- ↑ "Cindy Crawford on Beauty, Fitness, and Eating Healthy". Harpers Bazaar, October 23, 2014.
- ↑ Simpson, Richard. "Cindy Crawford: 'My 11 years of cosmetic surgery'". Daily Mail, August 24, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
- ↑ Johnson, Morieka V. "Q&A / CINDY CRAWFORD: Furniture line has 'a lot of me in it'". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, May 15, 2008.
- ↑ Sivaraman, Aarthi. "J.C. Penney to Launch Cindy Crawford Home Goods Line". Reuters, April 3, 2009. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- ↑ http://www.room23thebook.com/
- ↑ "Cindy Crawford Tries Pantsless Trend On Vogue Mexico Cover". http://www.stylelist.com/2011/04/26/cindy-crawford-tries-pantsless-trend-on-vogue-mexico-cover/.
- ↑ "Cindy Crawford Leads Rally Fighting Environmental Safety in Malibu". http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-2723559/Cindy-Crawford-leads-rally-fighting-environmental-safety-Malibu-schools.html/.
- ↑ Josh Duboff (May 15, 2015). "Exclusive: The Cover of Cindy Crawford’s Book, Becoming, Revealed". http://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2015/05/cindy-crawford-becoming-book-cover-herb-ritts.
- ↑ "Cindy Crawford, Kaia Gerber Wear Mom-and-Daughter Leather for Vogue Paris". The Hollywood Reporter. March 14, 2016. http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/cindy-crawford-kaia-gerber-cover-875259.
- ↑ "Weddings of the Year 1998". June 22, 1998. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20125584,00.html. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- ↑ Anne-Marie O'Neill (July 19, 1999). "Cindy's Joy". People. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20128757,00.html. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- ↑ Creeden, Molly (December 8, 2014). "Meet Cindy Crawford's Daughter Kaia Gerber, A 13-Year-Old Who's About to Become the Next Big Thing". Teen Vogue (Yahoo). https://www.yahoo.com/style/meet-cindy-crawfords-daughter-kaia-gerber-a-104090282078.html. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- ↑ "Babies of 2001". Hello. http://www.hellomagazine.com/magazine/2002/01/04/0696babiesoftheyear/. Retrieved May 4, 2012.
- ↑ Smith, Nicole. "Crawford raises questions, awareness for leukemia society". Direct Marketing News, October 25, 2006. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- ↑ Cindy Crawford's Heartfelt July 4th Weekend, People, July 7, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
- ↑ MMRF Honorary Board, Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- ↑ "Celebrity Friends of RMHC". McDonald's Corporation. http://www.rmhc.com/celebrity-friends/.
- ↑ "California Wildlife Center to host 'party of the decade'". The Malibu Times, July 30, 2008. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- ↑ Gavin, Patrick (May 17, 2011). "Politico 'Cindy Crawford Flip-Flops for Mitt Romney'". Politico. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- ↑ "Exclusive! Cindy Crawford: 'Wizards of Waverly' Place Made Me Famous With My Kids'". hollywoodlife. March 24, 2010. http://hollywoodlife.com/2010/03/24/cindy-crawford-wizards-of-waverly-place/. Retrieved September 21, 2012.