Kimberly Noel "Kim" Kardashian (born October 21, 1980) is an American socialite, television personality, model, actress and businesswoman. She is known for starring in Keeping Up with the Kardashians, the E! reality series that she shares with her family, and its spin-offs including Kourtney and Kim Take New York. Prior to the development of her career as a reality television star, Kardashian gained notoriety as the subject of a sex tape that subsequently resulted in a court awarding her $5 million. She has been involved in the production of several lines of clothing and fragrances. In 2010, she was the highest earning reality star, with estimated earnings of $6 million.
In August 2011, Kardashian married basketball player Kris Humphries in a widely publicized ceremony. In October 2011, Kardashian filed for divorce, 72 days after the wedding.
Kardashian was born in Los Angeles, California, the daughter of attorney Robert Kardashian and his wife Kris Kardashian (née Houghton). Her father was a third generation Armenian American, and her mother is of Dutch and Scottish descent. Kardashian has two sisters, Kourtney and Khloé, and one brother, Robert. She has stepbrothers Burton Jenner, Brandon Jenner, and reality TV star Brody Jenner, step-sister Casey Jenner, and half-sisters Kendall Jenner and Kylie Jenner. She attended Marymount High School.
2007–present: Reality televisionEdit
Kardashian's first television role was on Beyond the Break. In October 2007, Keeping Up with the Kardashians premiered on E!, focusing on the lives of Kardashian, her two sisters, mother, brother, half-sisters, and stepfather. As of October 2011, the series has aired 69 episodes over six seasons and has three spin-offs.
Kardashian was one of 13 participants on the seventh season of Dancing with the Stars. She was partnered with Mark Ballas and was the third contestant voted off the show on September 30, 2008, finishing in 11th place overall.
Kardashian is the producer of The Spin Crowd, a reality television show about Command PR, a New York City public relations firm, run by Jonathan Cheban and Simon Huck. The show follows them as they settle into their new offices in Los Angeles. Kardashian is friends with both, specifically Cheban, and frequently appears on her reality shows. She also appeared at the 2010 MTV VMAs on September 12, 2010. She also appeared in and was the subject and judge of a task on the ninth episode of Season 10 of The Apprentice in 2010; the two teams had to create an in-store display for her new perfume line, to be sold at Perfumania.
In 2011, Kourtney and Kim Take New York premiered on E!, following Kardashian and her sister Kourtney as they open a D-A-S-H boutique in New York City. The series is the second of three spin-offs from Keeping Up with the Kardashians, the first being Kourtney and Khloé Take Miami and the third being Khloé & Lamar. As of January 2012, the series has aired two seasons.
2007–09: Retail and film venturesEdit
Kardashian co-owns a clothing boutique called D-A-S-H with her sisters Kourtney and Khloé. In December 2007, Kardashian posed nude for Playboy. In February 2008, Bongo Jeans announced that she would be their face model. She has also modeled for Carl's Jr., Sugar Factory lollipops, and various other products.
Kardashian starred in the 2008 disaster film spoof Disaster Movie as Lisa, and appeared in the How I Met Your Mother episode "Benefits". She also appeared on the Season 3 premiere of the series 90210 with her sisters Khloé and Kourtney; they all played themselves. Kardashian was a guest hostess of WrestleMania XXIV and appeared as a guest judge during Cycle 13 of America's Next Top Model. On December 16, 2009, Kardashian made a guest star appearance on CBS's CSI: NY with Vanessa Minnillo. In 2009 she had a cameo as club bouncer in the 2009 porn film spoof Deep in the Valley
Sanford Siegal, the creator of the Cookie Diet, sued Kardashian, claiming she defamed him on Twitter. According to Siegal, Kardashian tweeted in October 2009 that he was "falsely promoting" that she was on the cookie diet. Siegal filed a claim in a Florida state court claiming the statements are false and defamatory. He also alleges that Kardashian was on QuickTrim's payroll when she posted the tweet. Kardashian's tweet appears to stem from an article on CookieDiet.com, that named Kardashian as one of many celebrities who saw positive results on the diet. Kardashian sent a cease-and-desist order to Siegal, demanding the link be removed.
2010–present: Continued careerEdit
Kardashian released her own fragrance product in 2010. In March 2009, Kardashian launched an endorsement with ShoeDazzle shopping, of which she is the co-founder and chief fashion stylist. The following month on April 9, 2009, Kardashian released a workout DVD series, Fit In Your Jeans By Friday, with trainers Jennifer Galardi and Patrick Goudeau. In September 2009, Fusion Beauty and Seven Bar Foundation launched "Kiss Away Poverty", with Kardashian as the face of the campaign. For every LipFusion lipgloss sold, $1 went to the Foundation to fund women entrepreneurs in the US.
She has also been featured in numerous international editions of FHM, including the cover of the April 2010 Australian edition and the UK March 2011 edition. Famous Cupcakes, a Los Angeles bakery, created a vanilla cupcake mix for Kardashian. The cupcake flavor is called Va-Va-Va-Nilla. Kardashian has also created jewelry along with her sisters, Khloé and Kourtney. They produced a collection for Virgins, Saints, and Angels in 2010.
Again with her sisters, Kardashian has released various clothing lines. One called K-Dash was to be sold on QVC in 2010, and in the same year they produced a range for Bebe. As of August 2011 they are creating another for Sears, called the Kardashian Kollection. In addition, Kardashian and her sisters created a sunless tanner called Kardashian Glamour Tan in 2010. On July 1, 2010, the New York City branch of Madame Tussauds revealed a wax figure of Kardashian.
Kim, Kourtney, and Khloé wrote an autobiography entitled Kardashian Konfidential, which was released in stores on November 23, 2010.
In April 2010, Kardashian sparked controversy over the way she held a cat for a photograph. The same year, animal rights organization PETA criticized Kardashian for repeatedly wearing fur coats, and named her as one of the five worst people or organizations of 2010 when it came to animal welfare. In June 2010, The Guardian commented on her ability to attract payments of up to US$10,000 from sponsors for each tweet that she broadcasts.
In December 2010, Kardashian filmed a music video for a song titled "Jam (Turn It Up)". The video was directed by Hype Williams; Kanye West makes a cameo in the video. Kardashian premiered the song during a New Year's Eve party at TAO Las Vegas on December 31, 2010. The song was produced by The-Dream and Tricky Stewart. When asked if an album is in the works, Kardashian replied: "There's no album in the works or anything – just one song we did for Kourtney and Kim Take New York, and a video Hype Williams directed, half of the proceeds we're giving away to a cancer foundation, because The-Dream's and one of my parents passed away from cancer. It's just all having fun – with a good cause". Jim Farber, writing for the Daily News, called the song a "dead-brained piece of generic dance music, without a single distinguishing feature," and suggested that the single made Kardashian the "worst singer in the reality TV universe."Kim in 2010 endorsed the weight loss product Quicktrim, which she publically told to Ok! magazine in January of that year that she had lost 15 pounds on the product. According to health.usnews.com, the claims she made are based on "no scientific evidence", and that the product only focuses on eliminating water weight from the body, which leads to "Losing some weight, but the next step is gaining it all back, and then some." This later proved to be true for Kardashian, who gained all the weight back, and actually gaining five pounds overall. She was later sued by angry customers of the product, but the charges were dropped.
Kardashian's 2010 earnings were the highest among Hollywood-based reality stars, being estimated at $6 million.
In 2011, Kardashian came under fire when, late in the year, she gained a lot of weight very suddenly. Ok! magazine says, "With a diet full of junk food and high in calorie, it is no surprise that Kim Kardashian gained 10lbs soon after arriving in New York to film her reality television show ‘Kourtney & Kim Take New York’." Later, she told magazines that her weight gain is due to a bad diet plan and the virtually non-existent exercise regime. She ballooned during this period, putting on 35 pounds.
In 2000, Kardashian married music producer Damon Thomas; their relationship ended in divorce in 2004. Subsequently she dated R&B singer Ray J, NFL star Reggie Bush and Dallas Cowboys wide receiver Miles Austin. She also dated model Gabriel Aubry.
In February 2007, a home sex video that she made with singer Ray J in 2003 was leaked. Vivid Entertainment bought the rights for $1 million and released the film as Kim Kardashian: Superstar on February 21. Kardashian sued Vivid for ownership of the tape. In late April 2007, Kardashian dropped the suit and settled with Vivid Entertainment for $5 million.
Kardashian was a friend of Paris Hilton, who introduced her to the socialite scene.
Kardashian has supported the recognition of the Armenian Genocide on numerous occasions and has encouraged Barack Obama and the United States government to consider its acknowledgement. On April 21, 2011, a few days before the 96th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, she wrote about the issue on her blog in an effort to put it under spotlight and also sent a tweet to her fans urging its recognition.
Kardashian began dating NBA player Kris Humphries of the New Jersey Nets in October 2010. They became engaged in May 2011, and married on August 20, 2011 in Montecito, California. A two-part TV special showing the preparations and the wedding itself aired on E! in early October 2011, amidst what the Washington Post called a "media blitz" related to the wedding. After 72 days of marriage, Kardashian filed for divorce from Humphries on October 31, 2011, citing irreconcilable differences. After filing for the divorce, Kardashian asked the court to order Humphries to pay his own legal expenses. On December 1, 2011, Humphries filed his response to Kardashian's petition, requesting an annulment on the grounds of fraud or if the court will not grant an annulment, a decree of legal separation rather than Kardashian's requested divorce.
Several news outlets have surmised that Kardashian's marriage to Kris Humphries was merely a publicity stunt to promote the Kardashian family's brand and their subsequent television ventures. Her former publicist has also claimed that her short-lived wedding was indeed staged and a ploy to generate money. Kardashian has since filed suit against him, saying his claims were untrue. A widely circulated petition asking to remove all Kardashian related programing off the air has been followed since their split.
- 2007–present: Keeping Up with the Kardashians as Herself
- 2008: Dancing with the Stars as Herself
- 2008: Disaster Movie as Lisa Taylor
- 2009: CSI: NY as Debbie Fallon (1 episode)
- 2009: America's Next Top Model as herself (Season 13, 1 episode)
- 2009: Deep in the Valley as Summa Eve
- 2009: How I Met Your Mother as herself (1 episode)
- 2009: Beyond the Break as Elle (4 episodes)
- 2010: 90210 as herself (season 3 premiere)
- 2011–present: Kourtney and Kim Take New York
- 2011: America's Next Top Model as herself (Season 17, 1 episode)
- 2012: The Marriage Counselor as Ava
- ↑ http://www.actressarchives.com/celebrities/kim-kardashian |
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian Biography". People.com. undated. http://search.people.com/results.html?Ntt=kim%20kardashian&searchSubmit.y=0&bu=&searchSubmit.x=0l. Retrieved 2011-10-31.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian With Sister Kourtney, Takes Reality Show To New York". Usanewsweek.com. 2010-10-05. http://www.usanewsweek.com/news/Kim-Kardashian-With-Sister-Kourtney--Takes-Reality-Show-To-New-York-1286307938/. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- ↑ "Monuments and momentous times in Monte Carlo – Kim Kardashian videos, photos and blog: Official website". Kimkardashian.celebuzz.com. 2008-06-11. http://kimkardashian.celebuzz.com/2008/06/11/monuments_and_momentous_times/. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- ↑ Buckman, Adam (2007-10-04). "Caught on Tape: Kim Kardashian Goes Home With Her Family". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/seven/10142007/tv/caught_on_tape.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-22.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian Biography". New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/person/1457148/Kim-Kardashian/biography. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian Biography". People. http://www.people.com/people/kim_kardashian/biography/0,,20185121_10,00.html. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Kim Kardashian gościnnie w serialu". dziennik.pl. January 4, 2010. http://kultura.dziennik.pl/telewizja-i-seriale/artykuly/373814,kim-kardashian-goscinnie-w-serialu.html. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian gets voted off 'Dancing'". abclocal.go.com. 2008-09-30. http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=news/entertainment&id=6424586. Retrieved 2008-10-12. Template:Dead link
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian". TVGuide.com. 2010-09-09. http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/kim-kardashian/292941.
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- ↑ "The Apprentice, Kim Kardashian's Perfume Brings Out Best and Worst". Gather.com. 2010-11-12. http://entertainment.gather.com/viewArticle.action?articleId=281474978687994.
- ↑ 13.0 13.1 Saini, Mia (2010-07-01). "Kim Kardashian Powering To The Top". Forbes. http://blogs.forbes.com/face-to-face/2010/07/01/kim-kardashian-powering-to-the-top/. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian Playboy – Kim Kardashian Nude – Pics and Videos of the Sex Tape Celebrity". Playboy.com. 2009-01-27. http://www.playboy.com/girls/celebrities/features/magazine/kim-kardashian/kim-kardashian.html. Retrieved 2010-06-02.
- ↑ "kim kardashian, model, bongo, bongo jeans, picture, photo". News.lalate.com. 2008-02-13. http://news.lalate.com/2008/02/13/kim-kardashian-bongo-jeans-picture-kim-kardashian-model-ad-campaign-bongo/. Retrieved 2010-06-02.
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 "All the Rage: Kardashian Endorsements Seem to Have Va-Va-Vroom". Los Angeles Times. 2010-02-26. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/alltherage/2010/02/kim-kardashian-and-products-endorsements-perfume-nascar-cupcakes-candles-and-more.html. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- ↑ Goudreau, Jenna (2010-04-13). "Reality TV Stars Turned Entrepreneurs". Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/2010/04/13/reality-tv-celebrity-fame-forbes-woman-entrepreneurs-business.html. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
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- ↑ Kate Stanhope. "Kim Kardashian and Vanessa Minnillo to Appear on CSI:NY". TVGuide.com. http://www.tvguide.com/News/Kardashian-Minnillo-CSI-1011580.aspx.
- ↑ Gina DiNunno. "Kim Kardashian Sued by Cookie Diet Doc Over a Tweet". TVGuide.com. http://www.tvguide.com/News/Kim-Kardashian-Sued-1013430.aspx.
- ↑ Crawford, Trish (2010-04-28). "Kardashian Fame and Fragrance". Toronto Star. http://www.thestar.com/living/article/801349--kardashian-fame-and-fragrance. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- ↑ Kick It With Kim's New Shoe Shopping Service People, March 20, 2009
- ↑ "Sweatin' with Kim Kardashian". Allure Magazine. 2009-04-14. http://www.allure.com/beauty/blogs/reporter/2009/04/sweatin-with-kim-kardashian.html. Retrieved 2010-08-30. Template:Dead link
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- ↑ Moore, Booth; Critic, Fashion (2010-05-02). "Celebrities and Jewelry: Learning Their Lines". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2010/may/02/image/la-ig-celebjewels-20100502. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
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- ↑ Spencer, Lara. "Inside the Kardashian Empire: Kim, Khloe and Kourtney Talk Life, Career, Love". ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/kardashian-empire-kim-khloe-kourtney-talk-life-career/story?id=14251638. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- ↑ Quenqua, Douglas (2010-06-02). "‘Jersey Shore,’ Without the Sun". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/03/fashion/03skin.html?scp=14&sq=kim%20kardashian&st=cse. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- ↑ Klopsis, Nick (2010=07-02). "Seeing double! Kim Kardashian Unveils Wax Statue Lookalike at Madam Tussauds in Times Square". New York Daily News. http://www.nydailynews.com/gossip/2010/07/02/2010-07-02_kim_kardashian_unveils_wax_statue_lookalike_at_madam_tussauds_in_times_square.html. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- ↑ "Keeping Up With Kim, Kourtney and Khloé: The Kardashian Sisters Are Writing a Book!". Glamour Magazine. 2010-06-18. http://www.glamour.com/sex-love-life/blogs/smitten/2010/06/keeping-up-with-kim-kourtney-a.html. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian Sparks Controversy Over Cat Photo". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2010/04/20/entertainment/main6414472.shtml.
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- ↑ Template:Cite newspaper
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian Locks Down Kanye for Music Video". TMZ.com. 2010-12-29. http://www.tmz.com/2010/12/29/kim-kardashian-music-video-with-kanye-west-hype-williams-the-dream-shoot/?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian Debuts The-Dream-Penned Single in Vegas". Rap-Up.com. http://www.rap-up.com/2011/01/02/kim-kardashian-debuts-the-dream-penned-single-in-vegas/. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- ↑ "Latest Music News, Band, Artist, Musician & Music Video News". Billboard.com. 2011-02-07. http://www.billboard.com/news#/news/kim-kardashian-there-s-no-album-in-the-works-1004139735.story. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- ↑ Farber, Jim (March 2, 2011). "Kim Kardashian song 'Jam (Turn It Up)' makes her the worst singer in the reality TV universe". Daily News (New York). http://articles.nydailynews.com/2011-03-02/entertainment/28666720_1_kim-kardashian-jam-reality. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- ↑ Dorian, John. "Kim Kardashian top-earning reality star for year 2010". International Business Times AU, December 7, 2010.
- ↑ "The Saint and The Sinner". GQ Magazine. March 2009. http://www.gq.com/women/photos/200903/new-orleans-reggie-bush-running-back-kim-kardashian. Retrieved 2010-08-30.
- ↑ Kim Kardashian (2010-08-11). "Kim Kardashian: I'm "Definitely Dating" Miles Austin". E! Online. http://www.eonline.com/uberblog/hwood_party_girl/b194764_kim_kardashian_im_definitely_dating.html. Retrieved 2010-10-30.
- ↑ Garcia, Jennifer (2010-12-07). "Kim Kardashian and Gabriel Aubry Split – Breakups, Gabriel Aubry, Kim Kardashian". People.com. http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20447708,00.html. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- ↑ S Hirsch (2007). ""Kim Kardashian Superstar Featuring Ray J" 18 U.S.C. 2257 Compliance Records". Vivid Entertainment LLC. - 18 U.S.C. 2257 Compliance Records.
- ↑ 48.0 48.1 Vivid Entertainment (2007-02-07). "Vivid Entertainment Spends $1-Million To Acquire Notorious Video 'Starring' Sexy Socialite Kim Kardashian And Hip Hop Star Ray J". Hip Hop Press. http://www.hiphoppress.com/2007/02/vivid_entertain.html. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- ↑ Johnson, Richard (2007-05-01). "Happy Ending". New York Post. http://www.nypost.com/seven/05012007/gossip/pagesix/happy_ending_pagesix_.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
- ↑ "‘Time to Recognize the Armenian Genocide,’ Says Kim Kardashian". Asbarez. 2011-04-21. http://asbarez.com/95342/kim-kardashian-blogs-tweets-about-obama-protest-%E2%80%98national-day-of-prayer%E2%80%99/. Retrieved 2011-05-11.
- ↑ Vena, Jocelyn (October 31, 2011). "Kim Kardashian And Kris Humphries: A Timeline". http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1673479/kim-kardashian-kris-humphries-timeline.jhtml?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+MTVNewsLatest+%28MTV+News+Latest+Headlines%29. Retrieved 2011-10-31.
- ↑ Garcia, Jennifer (August 20, 2011). "Kim Kardashian and Kris Humphries Are Married!". http://www.people.com/people/article/0,,20521390,00.html. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
- ↑ Hughes, Sarah Anne (October 7, 2011). "Kim Kardashian wedding special to air this Sunday: Will you watch?". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/celebritology/post/kim-kardashian-wedding-special-to-air-this-sunday-will-you-watch-video/2011/10/07/gIQATLFQTL_blog.html. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian to file for divorce from Kris Humphries". TMZ.com. http://www.tmz.com/2011/10/31/kim-kardashian-divorce-kris-humphries-files/.
- ↑ "Kim Kardashian Divorcing Kris Humphries and Doesn’t Want to Pay His Attorney Fees". http://www.louislsternberglaw.com/wordpress/2011/10/31/kim-kardashian-divorcing-kris-humphries-pay-counsel-fees/. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
- ↑ "Kris Humphries' Annulment Filing: Read It Here Now!". E Online. 2011-12-01. http://ca.eonline.com/news/kris_humphries_annulment_filing_read_it/277969. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- ↑ "Was Kardashian marriage a sham?". Chicago Tribune. 2011-11-01. http://www.chicagotribune.com/video/breaking/chi-video-was-kim-kardashian-marriage-divorce-a-sham-20111101,0,7143953.htmlstory. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- ↑ Marcus, Stephanie (November 14, 2011). "Kim Kardashian Suing Ex-Publicist Jonathan Jaxson". Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/14/kim-kardashian-suing-ex-publicist-jonathan-jaxson_n_1092652.html.
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- ↑ "Rotton Tomatoes page on Disaster Movie". IGN Entertainment. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/disaster_movie/. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
- ↑ Fleming, Mike (October 21, 2011). "Kim Kardashian To Co-Star In Tyler Perry's 'The Marriage Counselor'". Deadline.com. PMC. Archived from the original on October 22, 2011. http://www.deadline.com/2011/10/kim-kardashian-to-co-star-in-tyler-perrys-the-marriage-counselor/. Retrieved October 22, 2011.